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Thread: Understanding Your Wii - (Wii Dictionary)

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    Understanding Your Wii - (Wii Dictionary)

    THE (Wii Dictionary)


    A pre-compiled theme that will only work on the region and firmware it was made for. It can also come in the form of .csm, and can also be referred to as the starting "system app".

    Note: This differs from a homebrew "app/application".


    A homebrew program developed to run on the Wii, from brick recovery programs to simple games, Click ->


    A copy of a Wii game, burned onto a blank dvd. Often used to prevent wear and tear damage to original discs, or to pirate Wii games.


    Animated graphic that is displayed on a channel's icon and startup screen in the system menu. A channel with a corrupted banner can cause a banner brick.

    Banner brick

    A type of brick that occurs when a wad has been installed that contains malformed or corrupted images. It is identifiable by either a black screen appearing after advancing past the health warning screen, or by displaying the message "The system menu files are corrupt." Click ->


    Bannerbomb is an exploit used to run homebrew on your Wii. It will crash your wii, and can load an .elf or .dol (it's safe, don't worry) This is generally considered to be the superior way to install homebrew on your Wii, compared to the Twilight Hack.


    First phase of coding the Wii runs at power up. It is burned directly into the CPU, so it cannot be modified. Its function is to initialize the hardware and load boot1.


    Second phase of coding involved in the boot process. The program is stored in flash memory, but is verified against a digital signature stored in boot0, so any modification of it will brick the system. Because of this, the signature checking bug in boot1 cannot be patched in existing units, although new units have started to ship with a fixed version.


    Final phase of the boot process. This program is responsible for loading the system menu.


    Bootmii was created by Team Twiizers, and is one of the best/THE best method of brick protecting your Wii. It can be accessed before the Wii Menu, which enables you to recover from bricks.


    Bricking your Wii, means to make your Wii inoperable, or it doesn't operate properly. Eg, Your Wii won't turn on. It's called a 'brick' because the technology that you have just 'bricked' is now as useless as an ordinary brick. There are several types of bricks for your wii, such as Full Brick, Semi-Brick, Banner Brick. Click ->

    Case mod

    A type of physical modification that can be performed on a wii. It usually refers to the removal, enhancement, or swap of the "case" that encloses the wii's hardware, often to improve the aesthetics of the system.


    A wii application that is bundled in a .wad, which contains a Banner, Animations, and Sound, that are loaded from the System Menu. Used for launching wiiware, VC, and some homebrew.


    A Custom IOS for Wii.


    Is a software modification for your Nintendo Wii to allow you to play almost all of your backup burnt wii and gamecube games via the disc channel without opening your console or having to use a loader application.


    A Custom IOS used for gamecube games

    Code Dump

    A crash that displays code, (normally looks like random letters and numbers), helps identify problems with applications and games.


    Creator of the Bannerbomb hack, also created a version of the Twilight Hack involving the stage loader in Super Smash Brothers Brawl.


    A precompiled theme, that will only work on the region and firmware it was made for. Also known as a .app


    To extract the protected contents of something like a chip or NAND drive or disc which are otherwise inaccessible and/or incomprehensible under normal circumstances.


    The most common way executable format of loading homebrew on your Wii. Similar to .elf.


    A homebrew application that installs a hidden "channel" which can be used by other homebrew applications to access home burned and factory pressed DVD content without the need for a modchip.


    An .elf file is an executable file for your wii. Similar to a .dol file.


    An Emulator is a program that simulates a different type of hardware. Eg, Snes9x, is an Emulator that simulates a Super Nintendo on your Wii.


    You will usually hear developers going ga-ga when they hear that someone's found an exploit. Exploits are weaknesses found in firmware, allowing you to play unsigned code.

    Full Brick

    A type of brick that occurs when the system menu is fully corrupt. It can be caused by many things, including installing a system menu different to that of the wii's region, uninstalling IOS, cIOS, or mIOS files vital to the wii's functionality, or installing corrupt system menu files. They are identifiable either by a pure black screen upon booting the wii, or an Opera error message upon booting the wii. Unless sufficient brick protection has been previously installed on said wii, full bricks can be devastating, as sometimes SaveMii will not even work. Click ->


    Graphics Processing Unit, responsible for rendering everything you see on screen.
    See also: Hollywood.


    An installer which is used with BannerBomb which allows the hacking of your Wii. The installer includes BootMii, The Homebrew Channel, and DVDX


    Hardmodding a wii is the process of installing a modchip in your wii, enabling you to play backup/downloaded games. This is an alternative to softmodding a wii, and until softmodding became mainstream, was considered to be the most reliable method of modification.
    Note that hardmodding differs from "case modding" (see "case mod").


    A way of verifying file integrity, often as a security measure. A hash function is used when examining a file, outputting a short string or integer. This value can be stored for later comparison. If the file has been altered, repeating the same process with the same hash function will produce a different result. When the result is compared to the stored value, if it does not match, it is an indication that the file cannot be trusted.

    Hexadecimal (Hex)

    A term used to describe the base 16 number system, in which each digit represents four bits. After the digits 0-9, the letters A-F are used to represent the values 10-15. Hexadecimal is the preferred format for displaying binary data, as it is easy to mentally convert to/from binary and uses only 2 characters per byte.


    The Wii's integrated graphics chip, manufactured by ATi.


    Homebrew is unofficial software, created by ordinary Wii owners, without the help/use of Nintendo. Homebrew is the stepping stone for hacking your Wii, and is very useful for applications and games.

    Homebrew Browser

    An application which allows you to download the latest homebrew applications and games all through your Wii. You don't need to take your SD card out, or use a computer. You can also delete homebrew you no longer want.

    Homebrew Channel/HBC

    The Homebrew Channel (often abbreviated as simply "HBC") is a method of loading homebrew onto your Wii. Allows you to run .elf and .dol files without the need to run exploits, such as the Twilight Hack or Bannerbomb, everytime.


    A modchip that can read and write data to and from the Wii's internal NAND. Very useful for hacking.


    An acronym for Input/Output System, used for operating the Wii.

    IOS 249

    Custom IOS (cIOS) developed by Waninkoko. This Custom IOS is an IOS modified to add new features not available in the official IOS. It has been created to be used ONLY with homebrew software. Most commonly used for loading backup and USB loader applications.


    An image file. Wii games are usually in this format, and can be burnt to a disk to make a backup copy of a game.


    Not related to the Wii entirely, but is used for downloading multi-link games without hassle. It's a PC Application that is very popular for downloading games that have an unwieldy amount of links with which a normal internet browser downloader might have trouble.


    Newer Wiis that were shipped in later 2008. In order to lower production costs, Nintendo redesigned some of the hardware, consequently lengthening the hardware load times. These new Wiis have updated IOS and a new version of Boot2v4. The new Wiis may be incompatible with older IOS versions and the bug which allowed the hacking of boot2 is fixed.


    MF is an abbreviation for MediaFire, which is a popular site for uploaders to host files on.


    An IOS used for Gamecube games.


    A small device containing firmware, that is soldered or clipped onto your Wii, enabling you to play downloaded/backup games.


    MU is an abbreviation for Megaupload, which is a popular site for uploaders to host files on.


    A theme file that can be combined with almost any system app to become a .csm, usually firmware specific, not region specific, example a 3.2 mym will not work on a 4.0, but a 4.0 will work on a 4.1. It's in .zip format renamed to .mym


    A pc program that merges a .mym and a system app to make a .csm/.app.


    A homebrew app that installs .csm files onto your wii.


    The NAND is the Wii's internal storage. Where everything important is.


    Region coding for Japan. See "region".


    Region coding for North America. See "region".


    Region coding for Europe. See "region".

    K - Korean

    Region coding for Korea. See "region".


    A program that loads before the System Menu. It's a brick protector (similar to BootMii) that allows you to use 'hacks' on your wii. Eg. Region Free Games, Region Free Wiiware/VC, Disc Autoboot, No Menu BGM, etc.

    Twilight Hack

    A saved game hack, that was loaded from the game "The Legend Of Zelda: Twilight Princess". This was the original way to Softmod Wiis, allowing you to install the Homebrew Channel.


    The region of a wii, dictated by internal code (which can be rewritten).
    NTSC-U = North America
    PAL = Europe
    NTSC-J = Japan
    K = Korean


    a ROM is a copy of the data that makes up the game. ROMs are acquired by the process of dumping.


    RS is an abbreviation for RapidShare, which is a very popular site for uploaders to host files on. It's best to download from Rapidshare using a download manager, like JDownloader.


    (Also known as "SaveMiiFrii") A method used to access the disc channel and bypass the system menu. Often used to unbrick wiis by loading a burned disc with recovery tools.

    SD Card

    SD Cards are used for storage on digital cameras, music players, and Wiis. Now can be used for launching Wiiware and Virtual Console games.


    A SDHC is a SD card that is 4gb or over. It stands for Secure Digital High Capacity. SDHC Cards were supported only after the 4.0 update.

    Semi brick

    A type of brick that can occur after updating a wii firmware through a game disc, or installing a corrupt system menu theme (also known as a "theme brick"). The system menu can then contain (an) error(s) that prevent it from accessing certain areas, such as the settings menu, or even the system menu itself, by displaying the message "The system menu files are corrupt." This message is often garbled and usually unreadable, which makes it easy to differentiate it between a banner and semi brick. Click ->


    A legal version of cIOSCORP which runs as an online installer. Downloads official Nintendo IOS's and patches them on-the-fly before installing. Compatible with all Wii firmwares and serials, however there are still bugs which do not give SoftCORP full disc channel support.


    Softmodding a Wii is basically to allow your Wii to play backup/downloaded games, emulators, homebrew, etc. without the use of a modchip.

    Softmii Tweak

    A homebrew app that installs .app files onto your Wii.


    The memory of a program. As one declares pointers and integers, the computer sets aside memory for each. That memory then "stacks" itself on the last declaration. Think about stacking up building blocks and each block is a piece of memory.

    Stack Overflow

    Bad coding that makes the stack crash. There are a number of ways to do this. It can lead to an exploit in some cases. An exploit using a stack overflow is sometimes called a "Stack smash" attack.


    A brick protection program, similar to Preloader. This was in fact developed by the same people who made Preloader, which is now far superior than Starfall. Compatibility stopped in 3.2-3.4, replaced by Preloader.


    The unofficial name for the ARM co-processor located in the Hollywood, which is responsible for the peripheral access and security control.

    System app

    An app that is your region and your firmware.

    System Menu

    The Wii's main interface, where you load channels, games, homebrew, and change settings from.

    Theme Brick

    Obtained when you install a corrupt .csm or .app file and get either a black screen, a screen with foreign letters (possibly Chinese characters), or a pink and black striped screen. 99% are fixable with SaveMii.


    A "theme" is a way of customizing your Wii system menu, among other things. For a good list of themes, and how to install them, Click ->


    An encryption key that is used to read the title it belongs to.


    A "title" is a Wii game on a disc, a Wii channel, or a Virtual Console game. A title is identified by a unique title ID, an 8 byte (4 character) long code used for title identification. All titles are encrypted for security purposes.

    Trucha/Fake Sign

    A "Trucha Bug/Fakesign" is homebrew that exploits a bug in the Wii's firmware, which in turn allows you to run homebrew properly on your Wii.

    USB Loader

    An application for your Wii which enables you play ISO and cISO backups from a WBFS-formatted USB devices connected to the Wii.

    Virtual Console/VC

    Games from older consoles, that are available for download from the Wii Shop Channel. Similar to a game run from an Emulator.


    A .wad is a file format that channels, updates, and IOSs are stored in.

    WAD Manager

    An application, developed by Waninkoko, that allows you to (un)install WAD packages. The application displays all the available WAD packages in a storage device to choose which WAD to install or uninstall.


    A very talented and renown developer/coder who has bought to the Wii hacking scene such applications as WAD Manager, USB Loader, cIOS Revs, etc.


    A special format for a hard drive that is used for loading games on your Wii through your prefered USB loader. Stands for Wii Backup File System.

    Wii Optical Disc (WOD)

    The Wii optical disc is a media format designed by Panasonic. It looks like a standard DVD yet is created in a way that only the Wii is supposed to be able to read it. However the following DVD Rom drives can read it as well; GDR-8082N, 8161B, 8162B, 8163B, 8164B. The media is a 8.5GB, 12cm DVD based medium.


    Smaller games that are sold for a cheaper price, compared to retail Wii Games. They can be downloaded from the Wii Shop Channel.

    Sources/Thanks To:
    WIIhacks - Cause It's Great.
    Wiibrew - A Few Definitions/Knowledge
    Waninkoko - For coding such Great Apps
    Bj4e2 + Frylok + Docsamson - Themes
    Last edited by zofia; 11-24-2009 at 02:47 PM. Reason: added a few more
    if you don`t understand some words used in forum for wii then check out my wii dictionary

    if the information i gave you helped you in anyway please click the thanks button

  2. #2
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    Nice guide you just space it out a little more as it will be easier to read.

    Also add in region info for Korea.

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  4. #3
    Retired WiiHacks Staff Tealc's Avatar
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    You've got IOS and IOS249 descriptions mixed up.
    Not really doing much Wii stuff these days.

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    Great idea and a nice contribution. Thanks.
    "I think that the Wii is a beautiful piece of hardware, and a broken Wii is a tragedy. It doesn’t matter why or how." -- Bushing

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    Nice post zofia, thanks! Hope you don't mind, I linked ya in the newbie section in my post, under SandowSonic2 - Ultimate WiiHacks Index. Hopefully he'll add it to his post, too. Very useful info for newbies.

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    Have you thought about adding definitions for ISO and rom?

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    i really think this should be a sticky in the newbie section, thats were most of the pm`s come from to me asking about this thread.
    if you don`t understand some words used in forum for wii then check out my wii dictionary

    if the information i gave you helped you in anyway please click the thanks button

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    Thank yo! It heled me a lot.

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    Well done zophia, wish I'd known this stuff a couple of weeks ago, it would of made learning this stuff so much easier.

    Big THANKS royarn

  13. #10
    Junior Member unrealtron's Avatar
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    This is awesome!!!!!!
    Thanks for that

    If I did help you, click on the thanks button , it´s free
    How to play out of region games (disc playing) Neogamma
    uLoader Priiloader

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